What are the 4 language group in Africa?
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The 800 to 1,000 languages spoken in Africa today can be grouped into four families, or groups of languages thought to have common origins—Hamito-Semitic, or Afro-Asiatic, Niger-Congo-Kordofanian, Nilo-Saharan, and Khoisan.Around a hundred languages are widely used for interethnic communication. These include Arabic, Somali, Amharic, Oromo, Igbo, Swahili, Hausa, Manding, Fulani and Yoruba, which are spoken as a second (or non-first) language by millions of people.African Languages are categorized into five major language families including Afroasiatic, Austronesian, Indo-European, Niger–Congo (Bantu and non-Bantu) and Nilo-Saharan languages.

What is the main classification of language in Africa : Disregarding some isolates, African languages have been classified into four major phyla (Greenberg 1948) : Afro-Asiatic, Khoisan (which, however, is no longer considered a historical unit by several specialists, see Güldemann and Vossen 2000), Niger-Congo, and Nilo-Saharan.

What are Group 4 languages

Category IV languages include Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Language proficiency describes an individual's ability to communicate in a language when speaking, reading, writing, and listening.

What are the four language groups : Indo-European (584 languages) Sino-Tibetan (501 languages) Afro-Asiatic (379 languages) Nuclear Trans–New Guinea (317 languages)

Africa's linguistic diversity

Africa boasted a repertoire of more than 2,000 living languages as of 2021. The continent had more than 900 classified as vigorous due to their widespread usage in face-to-face communication across all age groups.

Major Families and Their Groups

  • Afro-Asiatic. There are over 200 million speakers of Afro-Asiatic languages.
  • Austronesian. Encompassing the south Asian and Pacific islands, the Austronesian language family includes over 1,000 different languages.
  • Niger-Congo.
  • Sino-Tibetan.
  • Indo-European.
  • Trans-New Guinea.

What are the top 4 language families

Indo-European (448 languages) (6.3%) Australian (381 languages) (5.4%) Afro-Asiatic (377 languages) (5.3%) Nilo-Saharan (206 languages) (2.9%)Category IV languages include Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Language proficiency describes an individual's ability to communicate in a language when speaking, reading, writing, and listening.Category 3 and 4 languages include Indigenous Languages (e.g., Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga, Mohawk, Seneca, Tuscarora), those languages that are character-based (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean), and those that use non- Roman alphabets (e.g., Arabic, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew).


Switzerland has four national languages; German, French, Italian, and Romansh.

What countries have 4 languages : Although Singapore is not the only country with four official languages (others include Rwanda, Papua New Guinea, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and Spain) this is the most interesting one. All of Singapore's four official languages come from different language families, which makes this case so special.

What are the 4 largest language families : Largest Language Families By Number of Speakers

  1. Indo-European – 2.910 Billion. The Indo-European language family is the largest in the world.
  2. Sino-Tibetan Languages – 1.268 Billion. The Sino-Tibetan language family is the second largest in the world.
  3. Niger-Congo Languages – 437 Million.
  4. Austronesian Languages – 386 Million.

Which is the 4 language in the world

Top 100 Languages by Population

Rank Language Name Population
1 CHINESE, MANDARIN [CHN] 885,000,000
2 SPANISH [SPN] 332,000,000
3 ENGLISH [ENG] 322,000,000
4 BENGALI [BNG] 189,000,000

Top 10 Most Popular African Languages

  • SWAHILI. The most spoken language in Africa is Swahili which is said to have between 100 and 150 million speakers.
  • AMHARIC. Amharic is one of the main languages spoken in Ethiopia by over 20 million speakers.
  • OROMO.
  • Hausa.
  • IGBO.
  • ZULU.
  • SHONA.

English is the official language in 23 African countries, French in 21 African countries, Portuguese in 6 African countries, and Arabic in 13 African countries. Swahili is considered as official language in 4 different countries and an official language of the African Union.

Is the oldest of 4 African language families : Khoisan. Last but not least is the Khoisan family with between 40 – 70 members. Believed to be the oldest of the four language families, it is the smallest of the four and is found mainly in Southern Africa. Learn more about the Khoisan language family on Ethnologue.